We build the Kirchberg
The Funds Kirchberg is the Public establishment which under the supervision of the Minister of Public Works is in charge of the urbanisation and the layout of the Plateau de Kirchberg.
The Fund was set up following the Act of the 7th of August 1961 for the establishment of a Fund for the Urbanisation and Development of the Kirchberg Plateau, later amended on several occasions (see hereafter, the Act of 1961). The Fund is administered by a board of directors consisting of nine members appointed by the Grand-Duke, on a proposal by the Government in Cabinet. It is managed on a daily basis by a director and an executive bureau which consists of the director and four members of the board.
The Fund, alone, bears the costs of all expenditure relative to its operation and its investments. To this end, it has access to the proceeds of its real estate activities (sales, granting of leasehold, rents). The Fund uses commercial accounting and is subject to scrutiny by the Court of Auditors.
Under the 1961 act, several tasks classified as being of public interest were assigned to the Fund. Three still remain today: the Pont Grande-Duchesse Charlotte, urbanisation and development of the Kirchberg Plateau, and the plateau’s road network (and related aspects).
Thus the Fund was assigned the task of constructing the Pont Grande-Duchesse Charlotte, and continues to be responsible for major maintenance or improvement works on the bridge such as repainting or the widening for the tram. Next, the Fund is responsible for the urbanisation and development of the Kirchberg Plateau; its principal task. This involves full implementation of the Management Action Plan (MAP) of the City of Luxembourg, or, if required, its modification in close collaboration with the City authorities, and developing the land on the Kirchberg Plateau to its full potential in the most appropriate manner.
The present political will is to prioritise the construction of residences and, more specifically, affordable homes to be sold below market price. Within the framework of this urbanisation and development, the Fund is fulfilling its final task – to develop the road infrastructure; an essential prerequisite for the urbanisation of the plots of land.
With regard to real estate operations, the Fund fulfils the task of land urbanisation principally through leasehold (ownership rights, rights of emphyteusis and/or surface area rights). These leases are generally subject to the completion of projects whose architectural design and project specifications are set by the Fund in a more or less precise manner by directives which apply to the Plateau in general, to a district or to a single project, on the basis of preliminary studies and over and above local council urban directives.
Regarding residential buildings at the present time, the leases are granted by awarding rights of surface area and emphyteusis for a period of 99 years. Regarding other uses (shops, offices, and other), the leases are more often granted by according surface area rights for varying lengths of time.
Every lease must be the subject of a competition between candidates, or of special authorisation by the Government in Cabinet and must, in every case, be approved by the supervising minister.
As part of these preliminary studies for the orientation of urbanisation and development, for the definition of the development directives, as well as within these directives, the Fund is presently placing emphasis on the circular economy and co-creation as well as urban development on a human scale.
The process of review and approval for requests for building authorisation on land on the Kirchberg Plateau first entails verification by the Fund with respect to its directives before being forwarded to the communal administration of the City of Luxembourg.
Furthermore, the work, materials, and services carried out directly for the Fund are so done within the public procurement legislation.